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Local powerSamnium
Primary culture
Sabellian (Italic)

Capital province
Bovianum (32)

Aristocratic Republic

State religion
Military traditions
Rural heritage

Notes: For countries with a starting Country capital.png capital in a Farmland farmland or Plains plains terrain territory.

Price found city cost modifier.png −20% Found city cost modifier
Price state investment military cost modifier.png -10% Military Provincial Investment Cost
Pop tribesmen happiness.png -4% National Tribesman Happiness

Flag of Samnium Samnium is a local power in southern Italy, a powerful confederation of Oscan tribes centered in the Apennine uplands that was an early rival of Flag of Rome Rome during its rise to power. In 450 AUC the Samnites had just concluded a peace after their defeat in the Second Samnite War, seeing their influence curtailed and their territory increasingly surrounded by the Flag of Rome Roman colonies and allies. With the power of Flag of Rome Rome only expanding and likely to soon be focused on further expansion, Samnium finds itself in a precarious position at the start and will need to seek more alliances at home and abroad - whether it be its fellow Italian states of Flag of Etruria Etruria and Flag of Lucania Lucania, the Greek powers of Flag of Syracusae Syracusae and Flag of Epirus Epirus, or even the distant fleets of Flag of Carthage Carthage - if it hopes to avenge its defeats and supplant Flag of Rome Rome as the dominant power in Italy. Historically, the Samnites would be conquered at the end of the Third Samnite War in 290 BC and subjugated as a Roman ally, unsuccessfully rebelling during the Pyrrhic and Social Wars and eventually disappearing from history after Sulla's civil wars.


Main article: Italian flavor events#Samnite events

There is a single country-specific event for Samnium that triggers near the beginning of the game, giving it claims on Flag of Rome Rome and military bonuses to simulate the start of the Third Samnite War.


Samnium begins the game with an alliance with Flag of Lucania Lucania to the south.


Samnium has a Population.png population of 151 pops at the beginning of the game, distributed across its Local.png 11 territories. Its core territories in Campania and Lucania are all Sabellian Hellenic, while a small minority in its eastern regions in Apulia are Messapian Hellenic.