Persian traditions

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See also: Military traditions

The Persian traditions cover the tactics of the peoples of the Scythian steppe and satellites of the former Achaemenid empire. Life on and around the steppe has forged these peoples into exquisite horsemen who, armed with a bow, can harry and surround their opponents from beyond their reach, while their infantry concentrates on whittling down the worn out formation.

Availability[edit]

Persian traditions.
Persian rural traditions.

The Persian military tradition groups, Persian and Persian Rural, are available for Flag of Bactria Bactria and Flag of Arachosia Arachosia, or for countries with the following culture groups:

  • Anatolian
  • Aramaic
  • Bactrian
  • Caucasian
  • Iranian
  • Scythian

The Persian rural traditions are additionally available for Flag of Parthia Parthia, as well as countries with Bosporan heritage or Heritage of Spartokos.

This tradition group can also be unlocked by embracing the military tradition:

Focus[edit]

The traditions focus on strengthening the below unit types and possibly unlock some new abilities:

  • Unit focus:
    • Strong Unit horse archers.png Horse archers
    • Good Unit heavy infantry.png Heavy infantry
    • Good Unit light cavalry.png Light cavalry
  • Possible ability unlocks:
    • Military colonies Military Colonies
    • Cavalry skirmish Cavalry Skirmish
  • Possible unit unlocks:
    • Unit octere.png Octere

Persian traditions[edit]

Persian traditions.

Tradition On activation effect Effect Requirements
Persian bactrian path 4.png Kleruchoi
  • A city fullfiling the below:
    • Country capital.png Is not part of the capital state
    • Policy cultural assimilation.png Does not have the dominant culture group
    • Policy cultural assimilation.png Has a neighboring city without the dominant culture group
    • Yes Has the highest room to grow (population captotal population)
  • Military colonies Enable "Military Colonies" ability
  • Cost −10% Found city cost modifier
N/A
Persian bactrian path 5.png Titans of Battle N/A Defense +10% War elephant defense Kleruchoi
Mauryan noble path 1.png Embrace Perso-Indian Influence
  • Yes Unlock Indian tradition groups if any of the below Policy cultural assimilation.png culture groups has either 500 pops or is equal to 25% of the country's primary culture pops:
    • Aryan
    • Dravidian
    • Pracyan
    • Tibetan
Combat bonus +5% Combat bonus in jungle Titans of Battle
Persian scythian path 7.png Footsloggers N/A Offense +10% Light infantry offense Kleruchoi
Persian bactrian path 1.png Bactrian Horsemen N/A Offense +10% Light cavalry offense Footsloggers
Persian scythian path 2.png Nomadic Lifestyle N/A
  • Monthly war exhaustion −0.01 Monthly war exhaustion
  • Defense +10% Light cavalry defense
  • Defense +10% Light infantry defense
Bactrian Horsemen
Persian bactrian path 7.png Heartland N/A
  • Army weight modifier.png −15% Army attrition
  • Combat bonus +5% Combat bonus in hills
N/A
Persian achaemenid path 3.png Reform of the Navy N/A
  • Unit octere.png Allows "Octere" units
  • Combat bonus −10% Ship damage taken
Heartland
Persian bactrian path end bonus.png Disillusioned Masses Freemen Gain 2 Freemen in 6 cities with the highest room to grow (population captotal population) Maintenance.png −10% Mercenary army maintenance Reform of the Navy
Persian achaemenid path end bonus.png Massed Assault N/A Siege ability +10% Siege ability Heartland
Persian achaemenid path 7.png Kardakes N/A Cost −15% Heavy infantry cost Massed Assault
Persian achaemenid path 2.png The Immortals
  • A new character is generated with:
    • Military power.png 8 Martial
    • Confident Confident trait
Defense +10% Heavy infantry defense Kardakes
Persian bactrian path 3.png Perfect Storm N/A Offense +15% Heavy infantry offense The Immortals

Tradition Description
Persian bactrian path 4.png Kleruchoi The Macedonians created scores of settlements in Bactria during Alexander's conquests, many of which prospered. The Kleruchoi, as they were known, provided a loyal manpower base for generations.
Persian bactrian path 5.png Titans of Battle The proximity to India, led to the adoption of elephants as an entire wing of the army. Riders would sit, mounted on a howdah, giving them a vantage point over the melee below.
Mauryan noble path 1.png Embrace Perso-Indian Influence N/A
Persian scythian path 7.png Footsloggers While the majority of steppe warfare was mounted, scythian infantry are reported in numerous engagements in mid-antiquity. The Battle of Thatis saw the use of a large Siracian contingent of infantry, warring against the early Bosporan kingdom.
Persian bactrian path 1.png Bactrian Horsemen Both the Achaemenids and the Macedonians used Bactrian horsemen in their forces, due to their skill and availability. Like the western Scythians, their culture was heavily influenced by an equine nomadic lifestyle.
Persian scythian path 2.png Nomadic Lifestyle The people of the steppe are often on the move. Their constant readiness is quite a boon when making war.
Persian bactrian path 7.png Heartland The heartland of Bactria itself was a lush, fertile plain, surrounded by mountains, steppe and desert, in all directions. The adaptability required to survive here, leads to our armies being better prepared than most.
Persian achaemenid path 3.png Reform of the Navy The Achaemenid dynasty oversaw the implementation of a navy in Persia, drawing on the nearby Phoenician mariners to crew it. Such a legacy of naval tradition still imbues our people.
Persian bactrian path end bonus.png Disillusioned Masses The grand campaign of Alexander left behind thousands of mercenaries, willing to serve for their subsistence. Latterly, many of the surrounding tribes began to be assimilated, leading to plentiful and cheap mercenary contracts being available.
Persian achaemenid path end bonus.png Massed Assault The sheer quantity of our troops can overwhelm any pitiful resistance. The cost in lives may be high, but the victory is made all the sweeter for it.
Persian achaemenid path 7.png Kardakes Latterly, the Persians relied on heavily armored mercenary infantry known as the Kardakes. Present during Alexander's invasion, they were recruited from Persian lands, but employed as cheap mercenaries.
Persian achaemenid path 2.png The Immortals A legendary unit of soldiers known as the Immortals, supposedly named due to the constant size of the unit at 10,000 strong, the Immortals utilized a diverse array of weaponry, and heavy armor, providing a backbone of heavy infantry around which the rest of the army was formed.
Persian bactrian path 3.png Perfect Storm The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, which developed in the mid-3rd Century BC, was a cultural melting pot of styles, people, and most importantly, tactics. The fusion of these diverse ways of doing battle, made for a formidable fighting force.

Persian rural traditions[edit]

Persian rural traditions.

Tradition On activation effect Effect Requirements
Persian bactrian path 2.png Greco-Bactria Province investment Gain 4 Province investments
  • Fortification.png +15% Fort defense
  • Fortification.png +1 National fort infrastructure capacity
N/A
Persian achaemenid path 4.png Reactive Recruitment
  • A new character is generated with:
    • Military power.png 8 Martial
    • Conqueror Conqueror trait
Levy.png +2.5% Levy size multiplier Greco-Bactria
Persian scythian path 6.png Steppe Mastery N/A
  • Army weight modifier.png −20% Army weight modifier
  • Combat bonus +10% Combat bonus in plains
Reactive Recruitment
Persian achaemenid path 5.png Royal Line
  • Leader.png Current ruler gains:
    • Oratory power.png +2 Charisma
    • Popularity.png +25 Popularity
  • Morale.png +5% Morale of armies
  • Popularity.png +0.05 Monthly ruler popularity gain
Steppe Mastery
Levantine arabian path 5.png Embrace Perso-Levantine Influence
  • Yes Unlock Levantine tradition groups if any of the below Policy cultural assimilation.png culture groups has either 500 pops or is equal to 25% of the country's primary culture pops:
    • Aksumite
    • Arabian
    • Egyptian
    • Levantine
    • Nubian
Combat bonus +5% Combat bonus in open sea Reactive Recruitment
Persian achaemenid path 1.png Legacy of Cyrus
  • Legitimacy.png Gain +25 Legitimacy
  • Leader.png Current ruler gains:
    • Oratory power.png +2 Charisma
  • Legitimacy.png +0.01 Monthly legitimacy
  • Manpower.png +10% National manpower
Embrace Perso-Levantine Influence
Persian scythian path end bonus.png Born to Ride Freemen Gain 2 Freemen in 3 cities with the highest room to grow (population captotal population)
  • Combat bonus +10% Combat bonus in plains
  • Discipline.png +10% Heavy cavalry discipline
  • Discipline.png +10% Horse archers discipline
N/A
Persian scythian path 5.png Cataphracts
  • Pop noble.png Gain 2 Nobles in 3 cities with:
    • Policy cultural assimilation.png Dominant culture is the primary culture
    • Yes The highest room to grow (population captotal population)
  • Defense +25% Heavy cavalry defense
  • Offense +25% Heavy cavalry offense
Born to Ride
Persian scythian path 4.png Cavalry Skirmish Invention.png Gain 4 Innovations
  • Cavalry skirmish Enable "Cavalry Skirmish" tactic
  • Discipline.png +5% Heavy cavalry discipline
Cataphracts
Persian scythian path 3.png Hit and Run N/A Morale.png +10% Horse archers morale Born to Ride
Persian bactrian path 6.png Hippotoxotai N/A Defense +10% Horse archers defense Hit and Run
Persian scythian path 1.png The Parthian Shot N/A Offense +10% Horse archers offense Hippotoxotai
Persian achaemenid path 6.png To Blot Out the Sun N/A
  • Offense +10% Archers offense
  • Defense +10% Horse archers defense
Hippotoxotai

Tradition Description
Persian bactrian path 2.png Greco-Bactria The Greek influences on Bactria took hold unusually swiftly. Architecture and fortifications sprang up in these styles, often regarded as superior to their less hellenized neighbors.
Persian achaemenid path 4.png Reactive Recruitment The vast hosts of ancient Persian kings are mentioned in numerous sources. The act of levying local men of fighting age must have contributed significantly to the dazzling size of the warhosts raised.
Persian scythian path 6.png Steppe Mastery The nomadic lifestyle instills our people with an excellent knowledge of how to act and survive in this harsh terrain.
Persian achaemenid path 5.png Royal Line The Achaemenid line ran, unbroken from Cyrus to the fall of the Empire at the hands of Alexander the Great. Despite the recent subjujation, the glory days of the Persian empire remains strong and within living memory.
Levantine arabian path 5.png Embrace Perso-Levantine Influence N/A
Persian achaemenid path 1.png Legacy of Cyrus The huge hosts of the Achaemenid empire instilled the Hellenic civilizations to the west with the utmost fear. The vast territory controlled by his empire, and the willingness of his people to serve, guaranteed a high throughput of soldiers.
Persian scythian path end bonus.png Born to Ride The Sarmatian and Scythian tribes learn their horsemanship from a young age, developing an affinity for the saddle unlike any western culture. This knowledge can be put to good practical use when organizing our armies.
Persian scythian path 5.png Cataphracts Many cultures with a history of equine mastery developed usage of heavy cavalry, or cataphracts, as a means of countering small arms. With both horse and rider clad in heavy scale or mail, nothing short of total rout would break the charge of a unit of cataphracts.
Persian scythian path 4.png Cavalry Skirmish Cavalry make for excellent interceptors, cutting off routes of retreat, and interfering with supply lines. By ordering our riders to harass but never definitively engage, we deny our foes the convenience of a numerical advantage.
Persian scythian path 3.png Hit and Run Contrary to the formative tactics associated with infantry, cavalry tactics tended to involve much more individual autonomy. None more so than horse archers, who would create a swirling cloud of arrows and horses, demoralizing enemy formations, and giving an advantage to the subsequent pitched engagement.
Persian bactrian path 6.png Hippotoxotai The nomadic tribes surrounding Bactria were often employed in the regional armies, excelling in mounted archery and horsemanship.
Persian scythian path 1.png The Parthian Shot The signature tactic of horse archers was the Parthian Shot. Requiring utter mastery over their steeds, the riders would retreat from their foe, and by twisting their bodies in the saddle, would fire back at their target.
Persian achaemenid path 6.png To Blot Out the Sun Praised for their prowess in archery by Herodotus, Achaemenid soldiers made use of the ubiquitous composite bow. In the famous Battle of Thermopylae, the sheer quantity of archers used by the native Persian troops were said to be able to blot out the very sun itself.


References[edit]

  1. To update page content see reference files in folder /ImperatorRome/game/:
    1. For military tradition see reference file common/military_traditions/00_persian.txt.
    2. For military tradition see reference file common/military_traditions/00_persian_2.txt.
    3. For localization text see reference file localization/english/military_traditions_l_english.yml.