This article has been verified for the current version (2.0) of the game.
A country's heritage in the diplomacy interface
Heritages are a set of modifiers assigned to each state, usually consisting of two bonuses and one malus usually reflecting its culture, history, or ambitions. Several countries have unique heritages, while the remainder share group heritages. Heritages are pre-assigned and cannot be changed over the course of a game, not even when creating a formable nation, outside of a few rare events.
Many major and more notable countries have their own unique heritages, listed below.
-5% Build Cost +10% Omen power +10% Cohort loyalty gain chance
Acragas is the second most powerful Siceliote city, vying with Syracuse for control of the island, but also victim to its own tyrants and demagogues. Her temples are perhaps the most numerous in the entire Greek world.
+2 Diplomatic reputation +6% National citizen output −10% Fort defense
Home to the once great city of Troy, the Greek cities of Aeolia have a strong mercantile background on the along the Hellespont, and boast many philosophers as residents and natives.
The fiercely independent Aetolians have survived their northern neighbors advances by tenacity alone, and stand ready to become one of the leading powers of northern Greece.
Heritage of Antigonos
+5% Siege ability +2.00 Diplomatic reputation −10% Fort defense
Few generals had as many unlikely successes as Antigonos Monophtalmos and his son Demetrios Poliorketes. Their heritage is one of strong siege-craft, and of championing the free Greek cities of the Mediterranean.
+0.04 Monthly ruler popularity gain +5% Discipline −10% Fort defense
A traditional antagonist to Sparta and a regional power in Peleponesos, Argos has been down on its luck ever since Peleponesian war. With the destruction of Spartan power the Argives have however found new friends in the successor kings, and their people have begun to restore their heritage as a military power.
+5% Manpower recovery speed −10% Light cavalry maintenance cost −10 Subject opinion of us
The kingdom of Armenia was founded many hundreds of years ago and has kept true to its own heritage for generations, even under the Achaemenid's and Alexander the Great the kingdom has preserved its own traditions of kingship and warfare.
One of the more diplomatically influential tribes in Southern Gaul, the Arverni also has a strong tradition of artisanal production of metalworking.
−0.02 Monthly tyranny −5% Ship damage taken +10% Enact law cost
While the heyday of Athenian influence may be over, it remains one of the most prestigious cities in the Greek world and is home to the Akademia founded by Plato. While it has at times languished under vile foreign tyrants such as Demetrios of Phaleron, the city still maintains its traditions of Democratic rule.
Heritage of Atropates
+6% National citizen output −10% Heavy infantry maintenance cost −4% National slave happiness
As one of the few Persian lords to survive in power after both the conquest of Alexander the Great and the successor wars that followed, Atropatene is in many ways the last guardian of the now lost Achaemenid Empire.
Heritage of Zipoetes
+10% Siege ability −25% Found city cost modifier -5% National manpower
Breaking free from Persian rule even before Alexander's arrival, the Bithynians are determined to maintain their independence and build a lasting dynasty to rival even the diadochi, with designs on the entire northern coast of Asia Minor.
+5% Fort defense +1 Diplomatic relations +10% Divine sacrifice cost
The Boeotian League was at one time the most powerful state in Greece under the leadership of Thebes, but has taken a step back in the wake of Macedonian interference in the region.
Heritage of Spartokos
+6% Unintegrated culture group happiness +10% Fort defense +15% Increase legitimacy cost
The Bosporan Kingdom is an example of the heights overseas colonies can achieve. Uniting the trading posts of the Khersonesos, the powerful Spartokid dynasty rivals the Hellenistic kings of the east in ambition and treachery.
Heritage of Byblos
+10% National Commerce Income −10% Oratory Provincial Investment Cost −5% Pop Assimilation Speed
One of the oldest cities in the known world, Byblos has been the home of Phoenician maritime kingdoms for longer than most other countries have even been populated and it is from here that many of the settlers that founded the great Punic towns in the western Mediterranean originated.
−10% Ship Building Cost +3% National Noble Happiness -5% Morale of Armies
Byzantion was fortuitously founded in command of the most important strait in the eastern Mediterranean, growing rich from the passage of trade through and across the Bosporos strait.
+10% Export Value −10% Navy Maintenance Cost +1 Maximum Mercenary Armies
-2.5% Levy Size Multiplier
Founded as 'the new city' centuries ago by settlers from Tyre in faraway Phoenicia, Carthage is now the uncontested leader of the Punic, or Western Phoenician world. Her heritage is one of a strong naval and mercantile power, often led to greatness by charismatic generals.
+8% National Citizen Happiness +10% Civic Tech Investment -5% Discipline
Croton was a successful Achaean colony and home to the mathematician and sage Pythagoras' and his famous school, which was forced out of the city by revolutionaries afraid of its impious influence and political clout.
-5% Build Cost +10% State Religion Happiness -1 Diplomatic relations
The Greek colony of Cyrene was established by settlers fleeing a famine on the island of Thera. They successfully integrated the native inhabitants and established the famed Pentapolis, or five cities, now a byword for the entire region. A centre of trade and learning, Cyrenaica holds a unique position if they can maintain independence from their powerful neighbors.
+5% State Religion Happiness +10% Omen power −1 Diplomatic relations
The center of the Hellenic world and home to Apollo's most famous oracle the Pythia, Delphi has played an important role in the vicissitudes of Greek history - her rich temple treasuries a prime target for impious looters.
−5% Navy Maintenance Cost +10% Religious Tech Investment -10% Pop Promotion Speed
Elea is the main colony of Phocaean refugees who fled Ionia as the Persians approached. They are renowned for their maritime experience and the philosophers their city has produced including Zeno, whose paradoxes still confuse its residents.
+0.05 Monthly ruler popularity gain +8% National Citizen Happiness -10% Manpower recovery speed
Custodians of the Temple of Olympus and generous hosts of the quadrennial Olympic games, the Eleians occupy the crossroads of Greek culture and serve as the settlers of disputes and judges of victory.
Heritage of Ptolemaios
+10% State Religion Happiness −15% Found city cost modifier −15% Pop Assimilation Speed
When Alexander died Ptolemaios Soter made certain that he was to be granted the richest and most prosperous land that he had known during the military campaigns under his former liege. Egypt is both the breadbasket of the Mediterranean and the carrier of a legacy going back millennia. With its wealth, and drawing from its traditions as well as those of the Hellenic world, Ptolemaios set out to build a state famed for its patronage of religion and culture.
+0.03% National Population Growth +10% Civic Tech Investment -10% Fort defense
As the center for the worship of Asclepius, Epidauros attracts physicians and natural philosophers from across the Greek world, advancing the study of medicine and flourishing under the patronage of pilgrims who seek treatment.
+2.5% Levy Size Multiplier +10% Light Infantry Discipline −5% National Commerce Income
The green lands of Epirus were long divided between various states but have in time been united under the fist of the Molossians, often allied with the neighboring Argeads of Macedonia.
−10% Navy Maintenance Cost +3% National Slave Output -10% Fort defense
Eretria, or the 'City of Rowers', was the most powerful Euboean city after Chalkis, with which it vied for control of the fertile Lelantine plain, and contributed ships in the diadochi conflicts which wracked Euboea.
+0.02% Monthly Civilization Change −25% Found city cost modifier +5% Military Provincial Investment Cost
As one of the oldest peoples on the Italian peninsula the Etruscans have a long and proud Heritage of state and city building.
−10% Build Cost +0.03% National Population Growth -10% Fort defense
Home to the famous tomb of Mausolus, Halicarnassus was governed by the Hekatominids until the arrival of Alexander the Great, where upon it was fired by the Persians and lost its prior importance.
+8% National Citizen Happiness −25% Found city cost modifier +5% Cohort loyalty gain chance
The people of Heraclea Pontica are descendants of the people of Megara, settled along the Bithynian coast and named for Herakles who had traveled into the realm of Hades nearby. Once a colony itself, it settled many cities along the Black Sea, becoming a notable power after the fall of the Persian empire.
+5% State Religion Happiness +1 Diplomatic relations −10 Loyalty of Governors
With the many disparate tribes of Iberia under their leadership, the Iberians have a large population for their military if they can keep them all in check.
+5% National Tax +5% Country Civilization Level −10% Improve Opinion Maximum
Risen from relative obscurity the Iceni are a proud and fiercely independent people.
+3% Unintegrated culture group happiness +10% Research Points −5% National Slave Output
The birthplace of many of the most influential philosophers of the Hellenic world, the mindset of the Ionians is inherently inquisitive and dismissive of religious superstitions.
+10% Fort defense +10% Religious Tech Investment −25% Pop Conversion Speed
With a heritage dating back to the Kingdom of Judah, this remains the carrier traditions of a people that has seen kings, and conquerors come and go. Some have been their own and some have come from faraway lands such as Greece or Persia. To this day the Judean people cherish their deeply religious and fiercely independent heritage.
+10% Pop Assimilation Speed +8% National Tribesman Happiness −2 Diplomatic reputation
In a distant past it is said that the Kalingas were brothers with neighboring tribes, and to this day we have maintained closer relations than most with the tribes of the jungles that surround our coastal kingdom. Perhaps this is why we still cherish many of our own tribal traditions ourselves. With the oppressive Nanda rule in this region gone we are the natural leaders of our region, though our riches can easily attract unwanted attention from other states on the rise.
+0.03% National Population Growth −10% Navy Maintenance Cost -10% Fort defense
Cius, strategically placed in command of the Propontis, has been an important city since its foundation, later submitting to Persian rule under the government of the eastern Mithridatids.
+2 Diplomatic relations −10% Navy Maintenance Cost +30 Loyalty to Overlord
Cnidus boasts a long history, founding far flung colonies and maintaining its independence from the barbarians of the interior through deft diplomacy.
−10% Build Cost +5% National manpower +5% Military Provincial Investment Cost
While the Upper Nile has been our home for generations the Kushite people were once the masters of Egypt, and even Judea. With the lower Nile in Greek hands we remain the custodians of the native Egyptian legacy as well the traditions of our own.
Heritage of Kassandros
+5% National manpower +2 Diplomatic relations −2 Diplomatic reputation
Under the Argeads Macedon was built into the premier military force in the Greater Greek region, uniting mainland Greece under one rule. Even after the death of Alexander and the rise of the Antipatrids Macedon has an uncontested rule among Greek states, with the Macedonian barons making up the core of a strong military machine.
Massilia was the leading colony of the Ionian city of Phocaea, whose people abandoned their homes rather than submit to Persian rule. The refugees settled here and in their other colonies, turning the isolated port into one of the foremost trading powers and colonisers in the west, all the while defending their strongholds from the barbarians that surround them.
Heritage of Chandragupta
+5% Population Capacity +10% Religious Tech Investment +15% Aggressive Expansion Impact
While the Maurya empire is a newcomer to the scene of Northern India it is also the carrier of an ancient Dharmic heritage that predates its own conception as well as that of the Nanda and Argead empires it displaced. The state built by Chandragupta is one of institutional strength but it must also harbor a great variety of peoples and faiths.
This heritage can be lost after the first generation of Mauryan rulers have died or been deposed.
+5% Fort defense +10% Oratory Tech Investment -5% Morale of Armies
An ancient rival of Athens for control of Attica, Megara derives its status from its position linking Hellas to the Peloponesos, and is home to the Megarian school of dialectic philosophy.
+8% National Freeman Happiness +10% Pop Promotion Speed −5% National Commerce Income
When the Spartans were defeated by Epaminondas of Thebes, he founded the city of Messene and gave it to the Helots. We have always been the main population group in both Laconia and Messenia, but for centuries we were slaves under Sparta. As a free nation we can finally benefit from our own hard work. As a free nation we must also never forget that we were once slaves under Sparta, and forcefully be on our guard against those who would enslave us once again.
+0.03% National Population Growth +8% National Citizen Happiness -10% Discipline
Metapontum is one of the oldest Italiote colonies, founded by settlers from Achaea and surviving the intrigues of its close neighbors. The mathematician Pythagoras fled here from Croton, and many still follow his religious teachings.
-5% Build cost +10% Research Points -5% National Tax
Miletus produced Thales, the most famous philosopher before Socrates, who brought Babylonian teachings to the Hellenic world. The citizens of Milesians are also unmatched in their talents for architecture and construction.
+10% National Commerce Income +5% Pop Migration Speed −5% Pop Conversion Speed
Our Bedouins ancestry allows us to dominate trade across the desert, providing the wider world with goods that would otherwise not be within their reach. This wealth has allowed us to build great cities, monuments and a strong army, well versed in the ways of desert warfare.
+3% Unintegrated culture group happiness +0.05 Monthly ruler popularity gain +15% Civic Provincial Investment Cost
The region of Pontus has been a crossroad between Persian, Anatolian and Greek culture since long before Alexander brought his men eastwards, all the way back to when the Greek colonies sprung up across the Anatolian coastline.
+5% Integrated Culture Happiness +1 Capital Import Routes +15% Military Provincial Investment Cost
The Minoans were the masters of Crete, once the overlords of all the Greeks. After the devastating volcanic eruption of Thera, the civilization fell into obscurity.
−10% Navy Maintenance Cost +10% Fort defense +10% Fort Maintenance
Founded many centuries ago Rhodes has risen to be one of the premier naval powers in the Aegean, but is also famous for its great workshops and its magnificent siege works. The most proud achievement of the island state remains being able to withstand the arduous siege of Demetrios Poliorketes, who brought the most advanced siege machinery in the world to the island but failed to breach its fortifications.
+0.10 Integration Speed +2.5% Levy Size Multiplier −5% Morale of Navies
Born where the Greek south meets the Etruscan north, Rome has quickly risen to be the dominant force of central Italy and the leader of the a league of allies that stand ready to do their every bidding. Rome's unfailing capacity to mobilize its population and acquire the loyalty of the city states under its protection has over time grown into a strong imperialistic heritage.
Heritage of Seleukos
+6% Unintegrated culture group happiness +0.04 Monthly ruler popularity gain −15% Pop Assimilation Speed
With no direct connection to their Greek homeland the Seleukid rulers have had to foster a Hellenistic culture which can encompass and empower a ruling caste that is caters both to its Greek subjects and immigrants as well as its large Chaldean and Persian population groups. As such it has often come to choose adaption over cultural supremacy and has over time become a shining beacon of the Greek fusion of cultures known as Hellenism.
+5% Discipline +2.5% Levy Size Multiplier −5% National Slave Output
Once the dominant power of the Greek world, Sparta remains the carrier of an ancient martial heritage that few can question.
−10% Mercenary Army Maintenance −5% Ship damage taken −4% National Citizen Happiness
Syracuse is one of the older Greek colonies in the west and it has on many occasions been a local power contending with the other Italic, Phoenician and Greek powers on equal terms. Over time, with the growth of Roman, Etruscan and Carthaginian power the city has had to adapt to an ever more militarized reality.
+10% Light Cavalry Morale +10% Improve Opinion Maximum −5% Import Value
Founded as a Spartan colony in Magna Graecia, Tarentum has not always had a lot of friends in their near area. Over time however the city has become renowned for its highly skilled light cavalry and built a heritage as an influential power in its region.
Heritage of Tartessos
+10% Export Value +10% Civic Tech Investment +5% Build cost
Many centuries ago Tartessos was one of the most important commercial and political centers of Iberia. A heritage that lives on to this day, even if the tribes that dominate the area would largely be foreign to the old Tartessians.
+4% National Freemen Happiness +10% Heavy Infantry Discipline +5% Heavy infantry maintenance cost
Once the leading military and hegemonic power in mainland Greece, Thebes was completely destroyed by Alexander the Great. Kassandros of Macedon however rebuilt the city, inviting Theban exiles to once again establish themselves in their old homes in Boeotia. Eager to reclaim the Heritage of Epaminondas, the Thebans are now ready to rise again.
Heritage of Lysimachos
−5% War score Cost −10% Civic Provincial Investment Cost −10 Subject opinion of us
As one of Alexander's officers and former bodyguard Lysimachos was always an able general. The lasting heritage he brought to Thrace however was that of a state builder and a diplomat, able to leverage great gains from his victories in the successor wars despite his meager resources.
Certain country-specific heritages will appear only after certain events.
+5% Population Capacity +10% Religious Tech Investment -15% Monthly Wages for Characters
-10% Threshold for Civil War
-2.50% Levy Size Multiplier
After the deaths of the great Chandragupta and Ashoka Maurya, the Empire they had built entered a period of significant decline.
+10% Fort defense +5% Ship Damage Done -0.01% National Population Growth
The island of Euboea is not particularly rich or populous, but its people have always produced fine sailors and asserted their independence, using the isle's strategic location and rugged terrain to best advantage.
Notes:For Hellenistic culture group countries without a more specific country or cultural heritage outside of Greece, the Balkans, Anatolia, and Italy.
+6% Unintegrated culture group happiness +0.01% Monthly Civilization Change -15% Pop Assimilation Speed
While Greek settlers have traveled east for generations before Alexander it was his conquest of the Achaemenid empire that led to the creation of eastern Greek states. The fusion of Persian and Greek culture that Alexander tried to foster now lives on as an undisputed Hellenistic heritage.
-10% Build cost +5% National Commerce Income +30 Loyalty to Overlord
Among the oldest colonies founded by Greeks, the Bithynian cities have survived by acceding to the demands of barbarians kings and emperors, concentrating instead on cultivating their cities.
Notes:For Dahae culture countries.
+8% National Freemen Happiness +10% Horse Archer Offensive +5% Cohort loyalty gain chance
Our people prides itself with its great skill as riders and its horsemanship. Nobles and commoners alike learn to ride at an early age and as a consequence the force of our cavalry arm can make the strongest of empires tremble. A pastoral lifestyle has made many accustomed to a free way of life however, fostering an autonomous mode of government where chieftains and nobles have great say over their own business.
All other states without a country or culture/culture group specific heritage get a generic one from the list below, based on the terrain and modifiers of its capital. The first heritage that the country meets the requirements for will be selected.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a Pirate Haven.
−10% Pirate Fleet Maintenance +10% Naval Range +5% Legion Maintenance Cost
-15 Opinion of non-Pirate Heritage Countries
Some would say that the ancestors of this people were pirates and plunderers, always ready to profit from the misfortune of others. That is, however, a matter of perspective. A strong adventuring spirit along with a love for the open sea is the heritage that binds this people together.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a port.
−10% Navy Maintenance Cost +25% Naval Range −5% National manpower
The Heritage of this people has been associated with navigating the open seas for generations. Some say their ancestors came here from faraway lands, others that they have welcomed sailors that sought out their ports.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a coastal territory.
+10% Export Value −5% Oratory Provincial Investment Cost +10% Fortress Building Cost
While they never became great seafarers this people have always been dependent on what the sea brings them for their wealth and prosperity. A Heritage of trade and bartering is the core around which their culture revolves.
River Plains heritage
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a farmland or plains terrain territory adjacent to a major river.
+10% Population Capacity +5% Manpower recovery speed −10% Fort defense
The fertile plains around great rivers have given birth to many civilizations over the centuries. This people's heritage is closely tied to farming the land of the river plains in which they originated.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a plains or desert terrain territory in the regions of Sarmatia Europea, Sarmatia Asiatica, Taurica, or Scythia.
The wide open grasslands of the north have been the home of this people for generations and the harsh life of the steppes has completely shaped their heritage and society at large.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a farmland or plains terrain territory.
−20% Found city cost modifier -10% Military Provincial Investment Cost -4% National Tribesman Happiness
Life in the plains, fields and pastures has shaped this people into what it is. Over time these farmers and shepherds have constructed cities, roads and bridges but at their heart they still value a life in the countryside.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a mountains terrain territory.
+5% Fort defense −5% Fort Maintenance −10% Improve Opinion Maximum
The mountainous landscapes in which this people originated has shaped their Heritage of fierce independence and self determination. Some would say that their strong sense of self defense can even make them see enemies where there were only friends, but their awareness of how they can survive and defend themselves in hostile terrain has served them well over the centuries.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a desert terrain territory.
-10% Army Weight Modifier +5% Enslavement efficiency −5% Morale of Navies
The ancestors of this people have traversed open deserts for many generations and over time built traditions and an almost instinct based understanding for how to survive and thrive among the hot dunes. Whether the objective is to build an empire of the sands or to traverse a desert in search of new homes there are few who would find this task as natural as those of this heritage.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a jungle terrain territory.
+0.10 Hostile Attrition -10% War Elephant Maintenance Cost +10% Navy Maintenance Cost
Over the centuries this people has made nature their fortress. The deep jungles and the creatures that dwell within them are their allies, their foes and the principal asset around which they organize their defenses.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a forest terrain territory.
+8% National Tribesman Happiness +10% Archer Offense +10% Build Cost
In the forests of their homeland this people has acquired a strong tradition of archery and a long tradition for how to maintain the unity of the disparate tribes that dwelt there.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a marsh terrain territory.
People accustomed to marshes and wetlands once built this state. In this environment they acquired great experience in asymmetrical warfare as well as in how to turn land that some would consider unfit for living into a prosperous garden.
Notes:For countries with a starting capital in a hills terrain territory.
-10% Fortress Building Cost -5% Civic Provincial Investment Cost +5% Ship damage taken
The Heritage of this people was once forged in the open highlands. To this day they remain more well versed than most in the construction of stone buildings and fortifications, but they also carry a strong aversion to the open seas.
Notes:Generic heritage for any countries that do not fall into any of the other groups.
+10% Population Happiness +5% National Tax −1 Diplomatic relations
Most peoples have something to be proud of but this is not the case for the citizens of this state. Long forgotten by the outside world they continue to lead uneventful, if peaceful, lives and have no hopes or aspirations of note.
−33% Fort Maintenance +5% Manpower recovery speed −1 Diplomatic relations
Corinth was one of the largest city-states of Greece until recent years, playing an important role as it was at a highly defensive position in-between the rich states of Attica and the Peleponnese. After the conquests of Macedon, it was left as nothing more than a fortified position for the Macedonian troops in the south, bereft of its own independence.
+6% Unintegrated culture group happiness +1 Capital Import Routes +30 Loyalty to Overlord
The people of Sicily has long been under the protection of Carthage, as they were faced by the danger of subjugation by the Greek overlords of Syracuse. Finally they have come together to form a proper state, instead of a flimsy defensive alliance protecting several city-states
-10% Build cost +5% National manpower −1 Diplomatic relations
The Persian Mithritadids ruled the Mysian city of Cius until the assassination of Mithridates II drove his heir to forge a new kingdom in Paphlagonia, which eventually became the regional power of northern Asia Minor.
+10% State Religion Happiness +5% Omen power -1 Diplomatic relations
This state was founded by the priesthood of a great temple. To this day they revere the old traditions of their predecessors even if some would say their rule has grown increasingly focused on the temporal world over time.